ghini.desktop is a cross-platform program and it will run on unix machines like Linux and MacOSX, as well as on Windows.
To install Ghini first requires that you install its dependencies that cannot be installed automatically. These include virtualenvwrapper, PyGTK and pip. Python and GTK+, you probably already have. As long as you have these packages installed then Ghini should be able to install the rest of its dependencies by itself.
If you follow these installation steps, you will end with Ghini running within a Python virtual environment, all Python dependencies installed locally, non conflicting with any other Python program you may have on your system.
if you later choose to remove Ghini, you simply remove the virtual environment, which is a directory, with all of its content.
Installing on Linux¶
Download the devinstall.sh script and run it:
Please note that the script will not help you install any extra database connector. This you will do in a later step.
(technical) You can study the script to see what steps if runs for you. In short it will install dependencies which can’t be satisfied in a virtual environment, then it will create a virtual environment named ghide, download the sources and connect your git checkout to the ghini-1.0 branch (this you can consider a production line), it then builds ghini, downloading all remaining dependencies, and finally it creates a startup script in your ~/bin folder.
- (beginner) To run a script, first make sure you note down the name
- of the directory to which you have downloaded the script, then you open a terminal window and in that window you type bash followed by a space and the complete name of the script including directory name, and hit on the enter key.
If the script ends without error, you can now start ghini:
or update ghini to the latest released production patch:
The same script you can use to switch to a different production line, but at the moment there’s only ghini-1.0.
on Unity, open a terminal, start ghini, its icon will show up in the launcher, you can now lock to launcher it.
If you would like to use the default SQLite database or you don’t know what this means then you can skip this step. If you would like to use a database backend other than the default SQLite backend then you will also need to install a database connector.
If you would like to use a PostgreSQL database then activate the virtual environment and install psycopg2 with the following commands:
source ~/.virtualenvs/ghide/bin/activate pip install -U psycopg2
You might need solve dependencies. How to do so, depends on which Linux flavour you are using. Check with your distribution documentation.
Installing on MacOSX¶
Being MacOSX a unix environment, most things will work the same as on Linux (sort of).
One difficulty is that there are many more versions of MacOSX out there than one would want to support, and only the current and its immediately preceding release are kept up-to-date by Apple-the-firm.
Last time we tested, some of the dependencies could not be installed on MacOSX 10.5 and we assume similar problems would present themselves on older OSX versions. Ghini has been successfully tested with 10.7 and 10.9.
First of all, you need things which are an integral part of a unix environment, but which are missing in a off-the-shelf mac:
- developers tools: xcode. check the wikipedia page for the version supported on your mac.
- package manager: homebrew (tigerbrew for older OSX versions).
with the above installed, run:
make sure you understand the problems it reports, and correct them. pygtk will need xquartz and brew will not solve the dependency automatically. either install xquartz using brew or the way you prefer:
brew install Caskroom/cask/xquartz
then install the remaining dependencies:
brew install git brew install pygtk # takes time and installs all dependencies
follow all instructions on how to activate what you have installed.
the rest is just as on a normal unix machine, and we have a devinstall.sh script for it. Read the above Linux instructions, follow them, enjoy.
Installing on Windows¶
The current maintainer of ghini.desktop has no interest in learning how to produce Windows installers, so the Windows installation is here reduced to the same installation procedure as on Unix (Linux and MacOSX).
Please report any trouble. Help with packaging will be very welcome, in particular by other Windows users.
The steps described here instruct you on how to install Git, Gtk, Python, and the python database connectors. With this environment correctly set up, the Ghini installation procedure runs as on Linux. The concluding steps are again Windows specific.
Ghini has been installed and is known to work fine on W-XP, W-7, W-8 and W-10. However, Windows is not Ghini’s development and test platform, so please report any problem you might encounter. During the installation spurious error messages can be expected and safely ignored.
Direct download links are given for all needed components. They have been tested in September 2015, but things change with time. If any of the direct download links stops working, please ring the bell, so we can update the information here.
The installation steps on Windows:
download and install
git(comes with a unix-like
all default options are fine, except we need git to be executable from the command prompt:
download and install Python 2.x (32bit) from:
Ghini has been developed and tested using Python 2.x. It will definitely not run on Python 3.x. If you are interested in helping port to Python 3.x, please contact the Ghini maintainers.
when installing Python, do put Python in the PATH:
pygtkfrom the following source. (this requires 32bit python). be sure you download the “all in one” version:
make a complete install, selecting everything:
(Windows 8.x) please consider this additional step. It is possibly necessary to avoid the following error on Windows 8.1 installations:
Building without Cython. ERROR: 'xslt-config' is not recognized as an internal or external command, operable program or batch file.
If you skip this step and can confirm you get the error, please inform us.
You can download lxml from:
Remember you need the 32 bit version, for Python 2.7.
(optional) download and install a database connector other than
On Windows, it is NOT easy to install
psycopg2from sources, using pip, so “avoid the gory details” and use a pre-compiled pagkage from:
hey, this is Windows, you need to reboot for changes to take effect!
download and run (from
\system32\cmd.exe) the batch file:
right before you hit the enter key to run the script, your screen might look like something like this:
this will pull the
ghini.desktoprepository on github to your home directory, under
Local\github\Ghini, checkout the
ghini-1.0production line, create a virtual environment and install ghini into it.
you can also run
devinstall.batpassing it as argument the numerical part of the production line you want to follow.
this is the last installation step that depends, heavily, on a working internet connection.
the operation can take several minutes to complete, depending on the speed of your internet connection.
the last installation step creates the Ghini group and shortcuts in the Windows Start Menu, for all users. To do so, you need run a script with administrative rights. The script is called
devinstall-finalize.bat, it is right in your HOME folder, and has been created at the previous step.
right-click on it, select run as administrator, confirm you want it to make changes to your computer. These changes are in the Start Menu only: create the Ghini group, place the Ghini shortcut.
download the batch file you will use to stay up-to-date with the production line you chose to follow:
if you are on a recent Ghini installation, each time you start the program, Ghini will check on the development site and alert you of any newer ghini release within your chosen production line.
any time you want to update your installation, just start the command prompt and run
If you would like to generate and print PDF reports using Ghini’s default report generator then you will need to download and install Apache FOP. After extracting the FOP archive you will need to include the directory you extracted to in your PATH.
any error related to lxml.
In order to be able to compile lxml, you have to install a C compiler (on Linux this would be the
gccpackage) and Cython (a Python specialization, that gets compiled into C code. Note: Cython is not CPython).
However, It should not be necessary to compile anything, and
pipshould be able to locate the binary modules in the online libraries.
For some reason, this is not the case on Windows 8.1.
Please report any other trouble related to the installation of lxml.
Couldn’t install gdata.
For some reason the Google’s gdata package lists itself in the Python Package Index but doesn’t work properly with the easy_install command. You can download the latest gdata package from:
Unzip it and run
python setup.py installwin the folder you unzip it to.